Closing The Loop

Recycling – Closing The Loop


Why Recycle?

  • To preserve landfill space.
  • To conserve natural resources AND save energy, time, and money.
  • To capture valuable materials that would otherwise be lost.
  • To follow City of Chicago regulations and gain LEED points for green building.

Recyclables: Materials and Markets


How is it recycled?

Recycling Markets

Inert Concrete, stone, brick, dirt, and porcelain debris is crushed, other items are removed, and the material is screened for size.
  • Base and sub-base for roads and airports
  • Drainage media, embankments
  • General fill and land reclamation
  • Alternative daily cover (ADC)
  • Pavement aggregate
Asphalt Pavement The pavement is crushed and recycled back into asphalt.
  • Aggregate for new asphalt hot mixes
  • Sub-base for paved roads
Asphalt Shingles After removal of nails, asphalt shingles are ground and recycled into hot-mix asphalt.
  • Asphalt binder and fine aggregate for hot mix asphalt
  • Pothole repair
Wood Clean, untreated wood can be re-milled, chipped or ground.
  • Feed stock for pulp mills
  • Boiler fuel
  • Cover for wildlife habitat
  • Raw material for chipboard
  • Mulch and compost
  • Wood flour for plastic fiber
  • Animal bedding
Drywall Drywall is typically ground or broken up, and the paper is removed.
  • Gypsum wallboard
  • Cement manufacture
  • Soil amendment or a substitute for lime on lawns and agriculture
Metal Melted down and reformed
  • Metal products
Cardboard Ground, cleaned, and sprayed into sheets to be used in new pulp stock
  • Toilet and tissue paper
  • Hand towels and napkins
  • Cereal boxes and egg cartons
  • Newspapers
Glass Pulverized
  • Fiberglass
  • Substitute for sand in paving material
Plastic Melted down and reformed
  • Plastic products